Daily Archives: July 27, 2011

Kayau Indu and the Iban’s women social status (Ranking)

We’d all known that the Headhunter bravery (head count) and the numbers of tattoos (design) place them in a higher rank of their society. 

          But, do you know how to determine the social status of Iban’s women? – A Head Hunter for man, and a Weaver for woman. Great combination isn’t it? Indeed!

          Iban weaver’s competence and skills place her in her community. I will explain and elaborate the meaning behind the title of Iban’s women according to their rank in the community.

1. Indu Takar Indu Nyar
A competent women, and a women who know how to mix and to use the vegetable dyes successfully – For Pua Kumbu.
          The whole dye-process is called ‘KAYAU INDU’ or Warpath Of The Women; thereby stressing the important that weaving and dyeing is for women in the Iban Society – Just as Headhunting is for men!
          Only those who ranked Indu Takar Indu Nyar will involve in the process of ‘Nyangkah Antu Pala’ ritual – Welcoming home the Headhunter’s

2. Indu Nengkebang Indu Muntang
A women who produce her own design (Many believes that the idea of the design came from the God/Spirit who spoke to them through dream – Kenyap/Mimpi)
          She has tattoos on her fingers and wear a porcupine quil with cotton strand. 
          For the omen design of pua kumbu which portray a design of ghost/spirit (Antu Gerasi) for example can only started by these group of lady, before the rest complete them. This is done as a precaution to overcome the bad luck (Alah Bulu).

3. Indu Sekat Indu Bebat
A skillful weaver, but they’re not producing their own design, and not allowed to weave certain omen design as I mention above.

4. Indu Temuai Indu Lawai
Some called them Indu Asi Indu Ai – a good hostess homemaker.

5. Indu Paku Indu Tubu
An ordinary housewife

          The women who falls into the top 3 categories and her status is accordance to her in the “Adat Mati” or obituary according to the “Adat Tusun Tunggu”. The “Adat Tebalu” given to the husband of a weaver is also higher than that given to the husbans of an ordinary Iban women. 

Selamat Pulai Bujang Berani

Saritu pungka laki berasai nyamai di lempuang tangkai ati,
sepengudah pegi ngetan ka nengeri,
saritu pulai ka menua diri,
begulai ngau sida ambai peruji ati ka udah duluk ngejang pegi.

Naka pengaga di lempuang kandang dada, 
keno melanyi anak sendia,
laban saritu pulai ka menua amai,
sepengudah lama ngejang,
ngetan ka menua kitai.

Iban nyentuk bebadi nyawa laya sulai,
badu meh sida tusah ati, 
laban ka saritu sida anak ayam bujang gangam kitai,
deka begulai enggu sida ka udah rimpi laya padam,
ka udah dulu pulai ka sebayan…

Selamat Pulai Bujang Berani…

Dikarang: Philip Johnny (Rengayung Miri)